One of the large dog breeds standing at the 8th rank among these 196 dog breeds is the Rottweiler dog breed. Rottweiler is a wonderful dog but not for everyone. People need to have special training to deal with a Rottie.

This large breed is strong, active, and used as a working dog as well as a police dog for rescuing and searching. These dogs have been mainly used to herd livestock for many centuries.

About Rottweiler Dog Breed

Rottweiler Dog Breed Information

The Rottweiler dog is a muscular dog with massive strength. It is also known with some other common names like Rott and Rottie. In German, Rottweiler was called ‘Rottweiler Metzgerhund‘, that in English means Rottweil butchers-dogs. It was because, until the 19th century, Rotts were used for herding livestock and pulling meat carts to the butcher markets.

Rottweiler is a dog with good nature, even temperament of gentleness, obedience, and devotion. It has a strong and rustic appearance with self-assured, fearless, and steady behavior same as golden retriever dog. They see their owner as a calm and stable pack leader.

The origin of Rottweiler lies with the Romans who took their ancestors to Germany before the breakout of world war 1.

The American Kennel Club recognized Rottweilers in 1931.

Also Read: Are Rottweilers Good Service Dogs?


History of Rottweiler

Rottweiler is not an ancient dog breed as it started existing somewhere in the 18th century. Rottweilers are the predecessors of a mastiff-type dog breed called Molossus. These dogs were taken by Romans to Germany on their journey of conquering the world. They took these dogs along to herd the cattle with the army. They moved with the army and mated with different dog breeds on their way and laid the basis for new dog breeds.

Since then, Rottweilers have been used for herding the cattle and pulling the carts of meat to the butcher markets of Germany. This continued till the 19th century and after the world got introduced with the railroad cattle carts.

As the situation got worst at the beginning of the 20th century, and circumstances laid the foundation of World War 1, the need for police dogs aroused. The strong and ambitious Rottweilers were considered at that time and used as police dogs in both the world wars, 1 and 2.

After world war 2, Rottweiler became famous in the world and was taken from Germany to the USA in the late 1920s.

The American Kennel Club registered Rottweiler in 1931 as the 17th dog breed. Till the mid- 1990, 100,000 Rottweilers got registered by AKC.

The Personality of Rottweiler

Rottweiler is a gentle and elegant dog breed with a powerful and athletic body. It is a quiet yet confident, calm, and courageous dog that never gets shy.

Rottie has a self-assured nature and is not very friendly with new people, but it is very affectionate with the family members and follows them around the house. It has an instinct of protection and watchfulness that makes it a good guard and a police dog. They are highly trainable but sometimes get stubborn.

Health Care of Rottweiler

Rottweilers are strong, healthy, and disease-free breed but can occasionally get sick. Some common diseases that affect the health and performance of a Rottweiler are majorly hip dysplasia and Osteochondritis dissecans, disease of the shoulder joints.

Rottweilers are also prone to a disease that causes early deaths in Rottweiler and that is Osteosarcoma. Parvovirus is also common in Rottweilers which is a deadly disease of puppies and dogs.

Consult a good veteran to maintain the good health of your Rottie and follow the instructions of the vet for the care of your dog.

  • Rottweilers need a daily 20 to 30 minutes’ walk to stay calm and active.
  • They love playing with a ball and going hiking. Let them play with a ball in the house or the backyard and take them for hiking whenever possible.
  • The food intake of Rottweiler is more than other breeds but it must not be overfed.
  • Rottweilers are allergic to some food items, shampoos, flea powders, and allergens like pollens. Make sure not to let your dog get in contact with these things.
  • The double-coat of a Rottie needs weekly brushing.
  • Brush the teeth of your Rottie twice or thrice a week if not possible daily.
  • Bathe your dog when needed. Rottie is large and will need to be bathed outdoor.

Physical Needs of a Rottweiler

Rottweilers are the dogs that need devotion from their owner to train and supervise them. They love to take excessive exercise, running, playing especially with a ball, hiking, and swimming. Make sure to provide opportunities for your dog to do what it likes to do.

As the Rottweiler is a large dog breed, it needs enough space to live. If you have a big wide house, it’s good to keep a Rottweiler indoor. But if not, then you must keep your dog in the backyard with proper fencing.

The Adaptability of a Rottweiler

Rottweiler is not friendly to strangers and takes time to adjust to the new people. With a large size, Rottweiler is not suitable for apartment living. Rottweiler is not very sensitive but it does not tolerate being left alone.

The coat of a Rottie is thick but not enough to protect it from harsh cold or hot weather. You must keep your dog protected from the intense weather conditions.

Feeding a Rottweiler

The large dog breeds have a large food intake. So, for the Rottweiler; 4 to 10 cups of high-nutritional food is enough for a Rottweiler in a day.

Read Also:Stop Dog Eating Poop

Their food intake must be monitored as Rottweilers have a habit of overeating that can cause obesity.

Human food can also be given to Rottie but made with the supervision of the veteran. You must check first which human foods can be given to a Rottweiler and which are not suitable for their health.

Read Also : Malinois Dog Breed Information

Breeding of a Rottweiler

The gestation period of a Rottweiler is not different from other dogs. It also lasts for 63 days. The gestation can be divided into 4 stages; Pro-Estrus, Estrus, Di-Estrus, and An-Estrus.

The first heat cycle of a Rottie female is a bit different from other breeds. It starts at around 12th or 18th month and every 4 to 6 months.

Lifespan and Growth Cycle of a Rottweiler

The lifespan of a Rottweiler is about 9 to 10 years. These buddies do not live for long.

Rottweiler is a large dog with good height and weight. The average size of a full-grown male Rottweiler is 24 to 27 inches with 95 to 135 pounds of weight. A female Rottweiler is a bit short and lighter. It is 22 to 25 inches high with 80 to 110 pounds of weight.

From birth to 3 months, a Rottie grows in weight from 7 pounds to 37 pounds and becomes 18 to 19 inches high. From 4 to 12 months of age, Rottie grows from 40 to 120 pounds in weight and 20 to 27 inches high.

Coat and color of a Rottweiler

Rottweiler has a short and straight double coat. The coat is medium but short at legs, head, and ears. The undercoat is present on the neck and thighs.

A Rottie is always black with rust-colored markings on different body areas like over the eyes, on cheeks, on the chest, legs, and the side of the muzzle with tan lines on the toes.

Friendliness of a Rottweiler

Rottweiler is not friendly with strangers and other dogs but it is very affectionate towards family members especially the children.

Rottweilers are big and strong so can be dangerous for small kids. They are best suitable for older children who can protect themselves.

Nathan Carlton

Nathan Carlton is an executive editor at He is an avid dog lover and holds a degree in "Holistic Health & Puppy Care" from The British College of Canine Studies. He has been parenting dogs since age 10, when he developed a strong bond with his father's Bull Dog. Today, he has a German Shepherd and Labrador Retriever, who he calls Joani and Saga, respectively.